As of the Record Date, all common stockholders, holders of vested options and certain former limited partners of the Company's operating partnerships (each, a "beneficiary") will automatically become the holder of one unit of beneficial interest in the Trust"), formed pursuant to the recently confirmed and consummated Seventh Amended Joint Plan of Affiliated Debtors under Chapter 11 of the United States Bankruptcy Code (as modified, the "Plan") of Washington Mutual, Inc.
Liquidating trusts can be effective tools to wind down any business enterprise, including debtors in Chapter 11 bankruptcy cases and entities that dissolve outside of bankruptcy. To that end, in a Chapter 11 case, a debtor’s exclusive right to file a plan is limited to 120 days (subject to extensions for cause), but once a plan is confirmed, the bankruptcy estate ceases to exist and the debtor loses its status as debtor in possession, including its authority to act as a bankruptcy trustee and pursue estate claims.
The liquidating trustee must also demonstrate that he or she qualifies as a representative of the estate. 94-45 notes that it does not define as a matter of law the circumstances under which an organization will be classified as a liquidating trust for income tax purposes, the conditions are commonly incorporated into plans and liquidating trust agreements whether or not an advance ruling is sought. A transfer to a liquidating trust for the benefit of creditors must be treated for all purposes of the Revenue Code as a transfer to creditors to the extent that the creditors are beneficiaries of the trust.
A trustee qualifies as a representative of the estate if a successful recover would benefit, directly or indirectly, the debtor’s the creditors that are beneficiaries of the trust. The transfer will be treated as a deemed transfer to the beneficiary-creditors followed by a deemed transfer by the beneficiary-creditors to the trust.
Business organizations that are dissolving may wish to use a liquidating trust in order to delegate the administration of the winding up process.Liquidating trusts created under bankruptcy plans often vest their trustees with authority to prosecute avoidance and related actions against the creditors and third parties. Bayard’s Bankruptcy Group has long provided services to debtors, official committees of unsecured creditors and equity holders, trustees, purchasers and lenders in bankruptcy cases.Trustees may initiate these actions against parties with little to no connection to the United States raising unsettled questions over jurisdiction. Ascot (In re Waste2Energy Holdings, Inc.), Case No. It also represents parties in other insolvency proceedings, including receiverships, assignments for the benefit of creditors, dissolution proceedings under state law and rehabilitations and liquidations of insurance companies.The degree of specificity required in identifying preserved claims varies from jurisdiction to jurisdiction.When drafting a plan and liquidating trust agreement, parties should ensure that the applicable jurisdictional prerequisites are met.